|Rating of exporters|
|Rating of importers|
Volumes of commodity export to the AR Crimea in 2006 amounted to USD 400.1 mn, import – USD 230.9 mn. As compared to 2005, export shipments grew by 12.5%, imports – by 37%. The balance of foreign trade in goods was positive at USD 169.2 mn (in 2005 – USD 187 mn).
Crimea maintained foreign trade operations with 109 countries of the world.
The largest volumes of export supplies in the period under review were destined for Russia – USD 139.1 mn, Turkey – USD 23.2 mn, Belarus – USD 21.7 mn, Italy – USD 18.8 mn, Germany – USD 15.1 mn, and the Czech Republic – USD 10.9 mn.
Commodity export structure was traditionally dominated by dies and pigments – 31.1% in total commodity exports; inorganic chemicals – 18%; mechanical machinery and equipment – 7.3%; electrical machinery, equipment, and their spare parts – 5.9%; grain crops – 4.7%; fertilizers – 4.4%; as well as alcohol and soft drinks – 4.3%.
In the period under review, exports went up at the account of dies and pigments – by USD 14.6 mn; grain crops – by USD 13.6 mn; mechanical machinery, equipment, and their spare parts – by USD 8.9 mn; ferrous metal products – by USD 7.8 mn; alcohol and soft drinks – by USD 5.4 mn; electrical machinery, equipment, and their spare parts – by USD 4.6 mn. But the same time, there were smaller supplies of sailing means – by USD 24.6 mn; ferrous metals – by USD 4.1 mn; and milk and dairy products – by USD 1 mn.
The largest import supplies arrived from Russia – USD 35.4 mn, Germany – USD 31.6 mn, Italy – USD 22.7 mn, Turkey – USD 15.7 mn, the Netherlands – USD 12.1 mn, China – USD 9.7 mn, and Syria – USD 7.3 mn.
Within gross import volume of goods, 24.7% fall for mechanical machinery, equipment, and their spare parts; 7.2% – for construction materials; 6.6% – surface transportation vehicles; 5.8% – ferrous metals; 5.3% – alcohol and soft drinks; 4.8% – ferrous metal products; 4.1% – polymer materials, plastics, and their articles; 3.9% – devices and apparatuses.
Import volumes increase thanks to mechanical machinery, equipment, and their spare parts – by USD 16.1 mn; ferrous metal products – by USD 7.9 mn; surface transportation vehicles as well as alcohol and soft drinks – by USD 7.6 mn each; and ferrous metals – by USD 3.6 mn. But at the same time, there were fewer supplies of pharmaceuticals – by USD 4 mn; furniture and other ready textile articles – by USD 1.1 mn each.
The volume of commodity exports in January-November 2006 amounted to USD 354.4 mn; import volumes were USD 286.6 mn and showed a 10.8% rise. The balance of foreign trade in goods was positive at USD 67.8 mn.
The region-based operators ran foreign trade in goods with partners from 104 countries.
The CIS received 55.4% of all commodity exports, the rest of countries – 44.6% (in January-November 2005 – correspondingly 59.2% and 40.8%). At the same time, the CIS imported 17.6% of all goods, the rest of countries ? 82.4% (in January-November 2005 – 15.7% and 84.3%).
The largest volumes of export supplies were bound to the Russian Federation, Germany, Poland, Belarus, Belgium, and Austria.
The weightiest imports were delivered from Germany, the Russian Federation, Italy, France, Poland, and the Netherlands.
The main articles in commodity structure of foreign trade are traditional: vegetable origin products, ready foodstuffs, mineral products, timber and articles, textiles and textile articles, non-precious metals and their products, mechanic treatment, vehicles, and road equipment.
Among the regional districts, the largest volumes of commodity export fall for town of Vinnitsa (42.5% of gross exports), as well as Nemirovskiy (26.7%), Vinnitskiy (8.4%), Barskiy (3.2%), and Kalinovskiy (3.1%) districts. The heaviest supplies of give-and-take products to various world countries were made by enterprises of the towns of Vinnitsa, Khmelnik, Kozyatin, and Mogilev-Podoloskiy, as well as Kalinovskiy, Barskiy, and Bershadskiy districts. The largest import deliveries were destined for Vinnitsa (71.0%) and Ladyzhin (2.8%) towns, as well as Vinnitskiy (11.1%), Kryzhopolskiy (3.4%), and Kalinovskiy (2.0%) districts. At the same time, foreign give-and-take raw stock is the most used by enterprises of Vinnitsa, Khmelnik, Kozyatin, and Mogilev-Podolskiy towns, as well as Kalinovskiy and Barskiy districts.
In 2006, the region pursued consistent policy aimed at development of beneficial cooperation with regions of other countries worldwide. They have created attractive image of the region, highlighted opportunities in the economy and particular businesses, which promoted increase of general commodity turnover in 2006 versus 2005 and driving of foreign investments into economic complex of Volyn region.
In the period under review, Volyn-based businesses performed commercial operations with partners from 89 countries, which cover almost all continents. Foreign trade turnover of goods in the 11 months of 2006 made USD 896.1 mn (it is by 1.8% higher than in January-November 2005). Meanwhile, the volumes of commodity export augmented by 15.6% in comparison to the respective period of last year and came to USD 305.7 mn in financial terms. Import supplies reduced by 4.3% and came to USD 590.4 mn. In the period under review, negative balance of foreign trade equal to USD 284.7 mn shrank by 22.2% if compared to January-November 2005.
The most intense economic cooperation was maintained with countries – members of the European Union, which accounted for aggregate 39.4% in gross foreign trade turnover of Volyn region. In the list of 25 states of the EU, with which the region kept economic relations, the leaders are Poland (10.7% of gross commodity turnover by the region) and Germany (9.5%), which are correspondingly third and fourth largest trade partners of Volyn region.
The result of economic cooperation with the CIS was commodity turnover equal to USD 315.3 mn, or 35.2% of the region’s gross foreign trade turnover. The main business partner of the region by tradition is Russia – in the 11 months of 2006 bilateral commodity turnover with the RF amounted to USD 242.5 mn, or 27.1% of gross foreign trade transactions held by Volyn region businesses in the period under review.
Performance of local business representatives in January-November 2006 was characterized as strengthening of economic positions at the markets of Asia, Americas, and Africa. Their portions in gross foreign trade turnover of the region were correspondingly 22.3, 1.0, and 0.6%.
The greatest consumers of Volyn-made products are the European Union states, which imported goods for the value of USD 150.4 mn, or 49.1% of gross regional export of goods. Besides, one should mention expanded supplies of commodities to Turkey, Romania, Belarus, Kazakhstan, France, Sweden, Japan, and Egypt.
Within the structure of goods sold beyond customs area of Ukraine, 23.5% fall for agroindustrial complex output (products of animal and vegetable origin), 18.0% – for machine building output, 16.8% – ferrous metals and their products, 10.7% – wood and timber, 7.0% – chemicals and products of related industries, 4.8% – textiles and textile articles, 4.6% – ready foodstuffs, 4.0% – polymer material and plastics, as well as 4.3% – furniture.
Geographic structure of the region’s import embraces 70 countries. In particular, the CIS accounts for 40.5% of gross import indicator for the region, the EU states – 34.3%, and Asian countries – 22.6%.
Most of imported goods arrived from Russia (34.0%) and the Republic of Korea (18.0%), the second largest foreign trade partner for the region. The range of goods bought from foreign countries mostly composed of transportation vehicles (41.2% in aggregate import volume), machinery, apparatuses, and mechanic devices (16.9%), fuel and lubricants (9.0%), ready foodstuffs (7.1%), polymer materials (6.8%), as well as non-precious metals and their products (5.0%).
In geographical meaning, the most active foreign trade operators were enterprises of Lutsk with 71.9% in gross foreign trade turnover of the region, as well as Novovolynsk, Vladimir-Volynskiy, Kovel, and Lutsk district (22.4%).
The important direction of the region’s activity in foreign relations is establishing of productive and diversified relations with administrative and territorial units of foreign states, which is performed through signing of agreements on trade, economic, investment, and cultural cooperation.
In 2006, Dnepropetrovsk region became the second Ukrainian region in the volume of export supplies (following Donetsk region) and ranked the second in the volume of imports (following the city of Kiev). Dnepropetrovsk region accounted for 18.5% of Ukrainian exports and 8.6% of Ukrainian imports. The region conducted foreign trade transactions with 162 countries worldwide. Export supplies of regional commodities were accomplished by more than 1 ths. enterprises and almost 50 entrepreneurs while 1.9 ths. enterprises and 130 entrepreneurs were engaged in import supplies of commodities from abroad.
As compared to 2005, the year 2006 saw the increase in export supplies to Americas (+45%), CIS member-states (+32%), Europe (+23%), Asia, and Africa (+8% and +1% correspondingly). At the same time, export supplies bound for Australia and Oceania dropped by 23%.
Trade with the EU contributes a lot to economic development of Dnepropetrovsk region. In 2006, the region exported its commodities to the EU for the total of USD 1 bn (21% of the total volume of regional exports), and import supplies from the EU to the region was characterized with similar figures. As regards the EU countries, the largest volume of regional exports was bound for Italy, Poland, Germany, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. Russian Federation should also be mentioned as one of the region’s most significant partners in exports (almost USD 1.5 bn) as well as in imports (USD 1.2 bn). Among other countries the greatest commodity turnover was registered in region’s trade with Kazakhstan, Belarus, China, Romania, and Great Britain.
Commodity pattern of regional exports was dominated by ferrous metal and articles made of ferrous metal, which accounted for 74% of the total. Along with this, major commodities exported from the region included ore, slag, ash (chark), railway and tramway locomotives, road equipment, fertilizers, mechanical and electric machines, polymeric materials, plastic, and rubber.
Commodity pattern of regional imports primarily embraced mineral fuel, oil, products of oil refining, pharmaceutical products, and some other items.
Donetsk region plays a crucial role in the structure of Ukraine’s foreign trade. In 2006, foreign trade turnover of the region reached USD 11.6 bn. Regional enterprises and organizations accomplish export and import transactions with companies from more than 130 countries worldwide. There are 26 ths. small enterprises registered in the region (8.8% of the total in Ukraine). Small-scale entrepreneurship embraces 13.6% of people engaged in regional economy.
To foster further development of entrepreneurship-friendly environment, the region elaborated and commenced the Program for Small Entrepreneurship Development in Donetsk Region in 2001-2020.
Donetsk region is always open to mutually beneficial co-operation and welcomes companies that want to successfully invest their capital, broaden their business, and find new reliable partners.
The volume of commodity exports in 2006 amounted to USD 313.7 mn, and import of goods totaled USD 204.0 mn. As compared to 2005, export volume grew by 17.1%, imports were 12.9% up.
Positive balance of foreign trade in goods was USD 109.7 mn (in 2005 – USD 85.3 mn).
Foreign trade operations by the region-based enterprises were maintained with partners from 95 countries of the world.
The main directions of commodity export from the region were Russia – 17.9% of aggregate export volume, Italy – 14.3%, Germany – 9.9%, and Turkey – 6.7%.
Commodity pattern of exports was dominated by timber and articles – 17.1%, textile and its articles – 11.1%, mineral products – 9.2%, machinery and equipment – 7.3%, as well as milk and dairy products – 5.2%.
Within import volume, 22.7% belonged to machinery and equipment, textile and articles accounted for 15.9%, whereas polymer materials, plastics, and caoutchouk – 8.5%.
The most notable imports were supplied from Germany – 20.5% of gross import volume, Italy – 13.7%, Russia – 10.7%, and Poland – 10%.
The most active foreign trade operators were enterprises from the towns of Zhitomir (44.1% of gross export and 46.3% in imports), Berdichev (9.2% and 12.9% correspondingly), Korosten (6.5% and 10.7%), Malin (5.4% and 8.8%), and Novograd-Volynskiy (3.7% and 8%).
According to data of the regional statistics department, the volume of foreign trade turnover in the eleven months of 2006 totaled USD 1,444.29 mn. As compared to January-November 2005, the volumes of foreign trade in commodities increased by USD 319.4 mn, or 28.3%. Export of goods went up by USD 96.1 mn (+18.9%). At the same time, import supplies grew by USD 223.2 mn (+36.2%). Foreign trade balance remains negative at USD 235.8 mn in the period under review.
In January-November 2006, enterprises of Zakarpatye region cooperated with partners from 89 countries of the world. In the period under review, the region-based foreign trade operators exported domestic output to 50 countries worldwide, while commodity imports arrived from 84 countries.
Goods were shipped abroad by 646 entrepreneurs based in the region, and 700 companies imported commodities from overseas. The main partner countries of Zakarpatye region in the field of foreign trade are the same: Hungary with its 29% in gross foreign trade volume of the region, the Czech Republic – 15.6%, Germany – 12.5%, Austria – 9.1%, Italy – 6.7%, and Slovakia – 5.5%.
Commerce with border neighbors (Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, and Romania) accounts for aggregate 39% of the region’s total volume of foreign trade. Trade turnover with these states in the eleven months of 2006 amounted to USD 563.6 mn, positive balance was close to USD 70.07 mn. The value of goods exported in January-November 2006 came to USD 604.2 mn, and the increase versus the respective period of last year made USD 96.1 mn.
Staple exports in the period under review were: mechanical and electrotechnical equipment – 41.8% of gross commodity exports; textile and its articles – 18.3%; timber and its articles – 9.6%; furniture – 7.0%; toys and sport articles – 7.1%; footwear – 4.2%; leather and fur raw stock – 3.1%.
The volumes of goods imported to the region in January-November 2006 were estimated at USD 840.03 mn, growth making USD 223.2 mn.
The main articles in import supplies were: mechanical and electrotechnical equipment – 34.9% in total imports to the region; surface transportation vehicles – 28.5%; textiles and auxiliary materials as tolling raw stock for garment industry – 11.6%; plastics and caoutchouk – 6.0%; leather raw stock and articles – 2.5%; ferrous metal products – 2.1%; as well as ready foodstuffs – 2.3%.
The important determinant of economic growth in the region was rising of foreign trade volume, which in January-November 2006 made UAH 4,622.7 mn, including export volume – USD 2,800.6 mn (8.1% in gross Ukrainian exports) and import – USD 1,822.1 mn (4.6%). By the volumes of export and import of goods, the region rated the fourth in Ukraine.
As compared to the respective period of 2005, turnover of foreign trade in commodities added 19.0%, in particular export shipments – increase by 16.4%, and imports – by 23.4%. The balance of commodity foreign trade was positive at USD 978.51 mn.
While analyzing geographic structure of the region’s foreign trade, the results prove that the period under review saw expanding supplies to the CIS, which accounted for almost three quarters of upturn in gross commodity exports. Within total supply volume, the portion of CIS grew by 3.8%. Russia remains the most significant trade partner of the region. Export of Zaporozhye-made goods was more than a double figure of imports in foreign trade with the CIS and Russia in particular.
Enterprises and organizations of the region maintained tight partnership relations with the European Union countries. In the period under review, both import and export went up, however, under the influence of greater import rise, the balance turned negative.
Ousting of Zaporozhye products from Asian market continued, which first and foremost relates to metal products. At the same time, supplies to American countries have greatly increased.
Export staples were ferrous metals (49.9% in gross commodity exports), surface transportation means (8.9%), electric equipment (8.1%), aluminum and articles (6.5%), as well as mechanic equipment (5.9%).
The dominating products in import supplies were surface transportation means (35.9% in gross commodity import), mechanic equipment (16.3%), energy materials, oil and its refining products (8.1%), ferrous metals (7.0%), electric equipment (4.85%), as well as ores, ash, and slag (3.7%).
Business entities of the region had foreign commodity trade transactions with 87 countries of the world, with European countries figuring prominently.
The volume of commodity exports and imports grew by 8.7% and 32.0% respectively and totalled USD 885.8 mn and USD 757 mn. The balance of foreign commerce was positive.
The regional share amounted to 2.3% of Ukraine’s total export volumes and 1.7% of Ukraine's total import volumes.
The key export destinations are traditionally European countries (74.7% of the region’s total export volume) including Hungary (16.7% of the region’s export; the volume grew by 68.7%), Poland (15.5%, the growth was 9.0%), Romania (12.3%, by 33.7%), Slovakia (7.1%, 2.1 times), and Italy (6.7%, by 28.8%).
On the CIS market, the leading partners still are Russia, Belarus, and Moldova. Increases in export volumes were observed with Armenia (60.8%), Kazakhstan (2.2 times), Kyrgyzstan (35.3%), and Turkmenistan (29.8%).
The most sizeable import supplies come from Russia (60.8% of the import volume of the region, the growth was 27.7%), Poland (11.1%, by 37.2%) and Germany (6.9%, by 13.3%).
Commodity imports from European countries grew by 39.4%.
The regional companies exported processed and unprocessed timber, plywood, veneer, and other converted timber, paper and cardboard, leather, cattle and horse hides, fur, raw oil, petrochemicals, oil gas and other gaseous hydrocarbons, beef, fruits and nuts, as well as food with cocoa content. They imported coal, petrochemicals, paints and varnishes, rolled ferrous metals, foundry iron and ferrous metal pipes, raw furs, poultry, as well as paper and cardboard.
Regarding the regional export supply pattern, the following commodity groups developed: hides and unprocessed leather, polymeric materials, plastic, organic chemicals, paper and cardboard, tufted carpets, wood and wood manufacture, stone articles, as well as plaster, and cement manufacture.
Imports of the following commodity groups grew: land vehicles excluding railway transport, ferrous metals production, boilers, machines and mechanical devices, tanned extracts, dyes, power generating materials, oil and oil refining products, paper and cardboard, salt, sulphur, plaster, polymeric materials, and plastic.
The region is notable for consistent policy aimed at development of mutually beneficial relations with other regions of the world. In 2006, the region’s achievements in the sphere of external relations and foreign trade were primarily stipulated by Ukraine’s officially declared course for European integration and intensification of international contacts.
Representatives of Kiev Regional State Administration arranged and participated in a number of international (inter-regional) events. International aspect of the state administration’s activity enjoyed intensive informational backing. For the most part, the administration was engaged in creation of attractive image of the region and promoted the potential of regional economy as a whole as well as the potential of separate regional enterprises and business entities.
In 2006, foreign trade turnover of commodities reached USD 2,569.3 mn. Kiev region accounted for 1.5% in the total volume of Ukraine’s commodities export and contributed 4.6% to Ukraine’s commodities import. As compared to 2005, the region’s commodities export augmented by 16.5% (to USD 577.9 mn), while the region’s commodities import grew by 28.7% (to USD 1,991.4 mn). The negative balance of foreign trade turnover totaled USD 1,413.5 mn (against USD 1,050.8 mn in 2005). The export-to-import cover ratio equaled 0.29.
In 2006, commodity transactions were accomplished by 1,231 regional enterprises that traded with 133 countries worldwide (496 regional enterprises were engaged in export supplies bound for 93 countries while regional imports embraced 116 countries and were maintained by 1,002 enterprises). The largest volume of export supplies was bound for Russia (36.7% of the region’s total), Belarus (6.4,%), Germany (6.2%), Kazakhstan (4.9%), Poland (4.3%), Moldova (4.2%), Turkey (3.4%), Georgia (2.9%), and Italy (2.0%).
Commodity pattern of regional exports was dominated by wood pulp and other fibrous cellulose materials (21.2% of the total including paper and cardboard – 19.2%, and printed matter – 1.6%), polymeric materials, plastic and rubber (16.6%, including rubber and plastic products – 14.3%, and polymeric materials and plastic – 2.3%), ready-made foodstuffs (8.8% including processed fruit and vegetables – 3.4%, and other foodstuffs – 2.1%), base metals and articles made of non-precious metals (8.2% including aluminum and aluminum products – 6.3%), mechanical and electrical equipment (7.5% including mechanical equipment – 4.9% and electrical equipment – 2.6%), textile and textile clothes (7.4% including articles made of cotton wool – 4.1% and textile clothes – 2.6%), fat and oil of animal and vegetable origin (6.3%), and timber and articles made of wood (4.2%).
As compared to 2005, the 2006 pattern of regional exports saw the abruptly incremented share of fat and oil of animal and vegetable origin, paper, and cardboard. At the same time, the share of meat, food by-products, textile clothes, and fertilizers featured a certain curtailment.
As regards geographic distribution of the region’s exports, the largest volume of export supplies was reported by the towns of Belaya Tserkov (20.7%), Fastov (8.4%), Boryspol (6.5%), and Vasylkov (5.5%) as well as Obukhov (10.8%), Vyshgorod (10.1%), Kiev-Svyatoshin (7.8%), Mironovka (7.0%) and Boryspol (4.2%) districts.
The largest volume of the region’s commodities import came from Russia (19.6% of the region’s total), Germany (14.9%), Poland (7.3%), France (6.0%), the Netherlands (5.5%), China (4.5%), Italy (3.5%), the USA (3.2%), Hungary (2.9%), Finland (2.8%), Belarus (2.6%), Japan (2.2%), Austria (2.1%), and Denmark (2.0%).
As compared to 2005, the region’s commodities import was notable for augmented share of pharmaceutical products, mechanical equipment, and ground-surface transport facilities (with the exception of railway transport). The share of oil, products of oil refinery, and electrical equipment insignificantly decreased.
Commodity pattern of regional imports was dominated by mechanical and electrical equipment (24.7% of the total including mechanical equipment – 19.6%, and electrical equipment – 5.2%), chemical products and products manufactured by related industries (17.8% including pharmaceutical products – 9.0%, essential oils and makeup preparations – 2.9%, and other chemical products – 2.4%), polymeric materials, plastic and rubber (11.8%, including polymeric materials and plastic – 8.4%, and rubber and plastic products – 3.4%), wood pulp and other fibrous cellulose materials (9.2% including paper and cardboard – 7.5%), ready-made foodstuffs (8.7% including remainder and wastes of food industry – 2.2%), base metals and articles made of non-precious metals (7.7% including ferrous metals – 2.4%, and articles made of ferrous metals – 2.1%), transport facilities and road equipment (6.7% including land transport facilities with the exception of railway transport – 6.0%), and textile and textile goods (4.2%).
The largest volume of commodities import was consumed by enterprises located in the towns of Boryspol (11.%), Brovary (11.6%), Belaya Tserkov (10.6%) as well as Kievo-Svyatoshin (13.8%), Brovary (8.0%), Mironovka (7.1%), Boryspol (6.8%), Vyshgorod (6.6%), Obukhov (4.1%), and Ivankov (3.5%) districts.
As compared to 2005, commodity supplies to the CIS states grew by 23.7% (to USD 345.1 mn) while import supplies from the CIS dropped by 0.7% (to USD 454.9 mn). The region’s exports to the non-CIS countries increased by 7.2% while import supplies augmented by 41.1%.
In 2006, the value of raw materials received by the region for processing on tolling conditions reached USD 52.4 mn (which contributed 2.6% to the total volume of region’s imports). As compared to 2005, import supplies of such raw materials increased by 18.7%. The largest volume of raw materials received under give-and-take schemes came from Finland, Germany, Belgium, Italy, and Poland. Commodities pattern of imported raw materials primarily included wood pulp and other fibrous cellulose materials (40.6% of the total including paper and cardboard – 38.8%), textile and textile goods (34.6% including chemical staple fiber – 10.0%, cotton (fabric) – 7.6%, and wool – 6.5%). The value of raw materials exported under tolling schemes totaled USD 1.1 ths.
In 2006, export supplies of finished products made of foreign raw materials on tolling conditions grew by 9.2% and reached USD 80.6 mn (13.9% of the total volume of region’s exports). The largest volume of such finished products was bound for Germany, Russia, and Poland. For the most part, the region’s exports of finished products made on tolling conditions included textile and textile goods (50.1% of the total and including cotton wool – 28.1% and textile clothes – 17.9%), and wood pulp and other fibrous cellulose materials (42.1%, primarily paper and cardboard). Import supplies of finished products made on tolling conditions equaled USD 79.5 ths.
In 2006, the regional authorities examined and processed 227 document packages submitted by foreign investors, representatives of foreign investors, and business entities registered in Kiev region.
Besides, the regional authorities conducted the state registration of 227 statements on submission of foreign investments, granted 16 licenses including 3 one-time import licenses and one one-time export license, issued 12 one-time individual licenses for foreign-trade operations, and sealed 7 agreements on joint investment activities that involve foreign investors.
The region’s foreign trade shows export volumes rising high above imports, which has been supporting positive balance of foreign trade for many years.
In January-November 2006, export-to-import ratio was 2.1, and positive balance came to USD 97.1 mn.
The volumes of commodity export added 5.3% versus the corresponding period of 2005, and import was up by 4.4%. The respected indicators were USD 181.4 mn and USD 84.3 mn.
Priority articles in the regional exports are equipment, machinery, and mechanisms (38.4% in gross volume of the region’s export), chemicals (15.2%), vegetable origin products (13.7%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (9.3%), mineral products (5.5%), textile and its articles (4.3%), as well as non-precious metals and their products (3.6%).
In 2006, total number of countries – foreign trade partners of the region grew from 77 to 85. The region expanded economic presence on the markets of Asia, Africa, and the CIS. Export to Asia boosted 2.2 times, to Africa – by 77.4%, and to the CIS – by 18.2%.
Commodity shipments were destined for 71 countries of the world. The largest export volumes were bound to Russia (36.2% in gross exports from the region).
Import staples were equipment, machinery, and mechanisms (28.3% in gross import volume to the region), chemicals and related industries’ output (25.3%), ready foodstuffs (10.9%), non-precious metals and their products (8.3%), textile and its articles (6.6%), as well as animal or vegetable fats and oils (6.3%).
Commodity imports arrived from 53 countries of the world. The main commodity suppliers were Russia (23.3%), Germany (23.1%), Kazakhstan (10.1%), France (6.7%), and Indonesia (5.0%).
In the 11 months of 2006 the volumes of foreign trade in commodities amounted to USD 5,167.31 mn, which is by 26.2% higher if compared to the corresponding period of 2005. Foreign trade turnover had positive balance of USD 311.7 mn.
Export of goods in January-November of the last year came to USD 2,739.51 mn and grew by 44.16% in comparison to January-November 2005. 17.8% of commodity exports were bound to the CIS, 82.2% – to the rest of countries worldwide. The leading importers of Lugansk-made goods in the period under review were the United States of America (13.6% within gross export volume), the Russian Federation (12.9%), Turkey (7.8%), Italy (6.9%), Poland (4.8%), Hungary (4.3%), and Latvia (4.2%).
In the period under review, export of goods to Malta and the United States of America boosted 7 times, to Hungary and Argentina – 5 times, to Latvia – almost 4 times, to Poland and Cyprus – more than twice. At the same time, downward trends were seen in export flows to Moldova, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Spain, and other countries.
Commodity structure of exports is dominated by non-precious metals and their articles (especially, ferrous metals and products) – 45.4% in gross exports of goods; power-generating materials, oil, and refining products – 25.4%; as well as chemical products and output of related industries – 14%. As compared to 11 months of 2005, the region boosted export of footwear and hats – 20 times, devices and apparatuses – 3.5 times, and ferrous metals and their products – more than twice; polymer materials supplies added 50%.
In January-November 2006, the largest towns exporting goods from Lugansk region were Alchevsk (38.7% in total commodity exports), Lisichansk (24.1%), and Severodonetsk (13.1%).
If compared to the respective period of 2005, import of goods in the 11 months of 2006 grew by 10.6% and amounted to USD 2,427.8 mn. 90.8% of gross imports arrived to Lugansk region from the CIS, and 9.2% – from the rest of the world. The most of goods were imported from the Russian Federation (90.4% in gross import volume), Germany (2.6%), Poland (1.1%), China (0.7%), Finland (0.5%), and Hungary (0.4%).
Import flows from Romania boosted 15 times in the period under review.
In 2006, commodity export from Lvov region amounted to USD 804.8 mn, and import of goods – to USD 1,118.8 mn. As compared to 2005, the exports rose by 29.4%, or USD 182.6 mn, import – by 19.8%, or USD 184.9 mn.
Export of goods bound to the European Union made USD 495.1 mn in 2006 (61.5% of the region’s total shipments in this period), imports were at USD 860.3 mn (76.9% of import supplies from Lvov region). In comparison to 2005, export to these countries added USD 81.6 mn (by 19.7% up), import – USD 158.8 mn (+22.6%).
While trading with the CIS, export went up by 31.9% having reached USD 172.9 mn, import – by 14.2% (to USD 110.8 mn). CIS share was 21.5% in the region’s gross export and 9.9% in imports (in 2005 – correspondingly 21.1% and 10.4%).
Export transactions throughout 2006 involved 784 businesses based in the region, including private entrepreneurs.
Geography of export supplies embraced 83 countries. The largest volumes of exported output were destined for: Germany – USD 91.9 mn (11.4% of the region’s total export), Denmark – USD 91.3 mn (11.3%), Poland – USD 76.8 mn. (9.5%), British Virgin Islands – USD 75.9 mn (9.4%), Russia – USD 64.8 mn (8.1%), and the United Kingdom – USD 48 mn (6%).
Commodity supplies from Lvov region in 2006 were dominated by: textile and its articles – USD 176.1 mn (21.9% of the region’s export), mechanical equipment, machinery and mechanisms, as well as electrotechnical equipment and its spare parts – USD 152.9 mn (19%), power generating materials, oil and its refining products – USD 113.7 mn (14.1%), wood and timber – USD 87.1 mn (10.8%), as well as non-precious metals and their products – USD 68.6 mn (8.5%).
Out of 110 countries, which imported goods to the region, the largest volumes arrived from: Poland – USD 266 mn (23.8% of gross regional import), Germany – USD 198 mn (17.7%), Russia – USD 76.6 mn (6.8%), Italy – USD 66.6 mn (6%), and the Czech Republic – USD 53.3 mn (4.8%).
In the course of 2006, import operations were performed by 1,619 companies and private entrepreneurs of the region.
In total import of commodities, the following were staple imports: 21.5% – mechanical equipment, machinery and mechanisms, as well as electrotechnical equipment and its spare parts (USD 240.9 mn), 12.7% – textile and articles (USD 142.3 mn), 10.9% – non-precious metals and articles (USD 121.7 mn), 9.5% – polymer materials, plastics, and caoutchouk (USD 106.7 mn), and 8.8% – chemicals (USD 98.6 mn).
In 2006, foreign trade operations with raw stock were mostly carried by the scheme “give-and-take raw stock import – export of finished articles”. In the period under review, industrial enterprises got give-and-take raw stock for USD 214 mn, which was 19.1% of the region’s import. Finished articles made of give-and-take raw stock were exported for the total value USD 271.8 mn (33.8% in exports). Mostly sewing companies of the region operated with give-and-take raw stock: 63.9% of finished articles’ export (USD 173.6 mn) and 56.8% of give-and-take raw stock (USD 121.6 mn) were textile and its articles.
The main partners in operations with tolling raw stock were European states: Denmark, Germany, Italy, Poland, the Untied Kingdom, Sweden, and Belgium.
Foreign trade performance of the region-based enterprises has been dynamically developing for many years by now. The directions for development were determined by the Program of social and economic development of Nikolayev region for 2000-2010 “Nikolayev region – 2010”
In 2006, gross volume of export and import operations with goods and services amounted to USD 1,652 mn and outran the previous year indicator by 10.4%, or USD 155.1 mn (in 2005 – USD 1, 497 mn). Enterprises located in the region contributed 2.8% to gross national exports and 1.1% to import of goods. Nikolayev region is rated the 7th by the volumes of commodity export in Ukraine, leaving behind such regions as Odessa, Kharkov, Lvov, Kiev, and some other regions.
The tendency of growing export of goods and services was preserved in 2006. Hence, exports were by 17.3% up having reached USD 1,161 mn. Import volumes dropped by 3.2% to USD 491.0 mn. A double prevalence of commodity and services’ export over their import ensured Nikolayev region with positive foreign trade balance at USD 670.0 mn (in 2005 – USD 482.5 mn).
Nearly 90% of foreign trade (both in export and import) fell for commodity trade.
In 2006, the region exported goods worth USD 1,060 mn, which suggests a 20.7% rise versus 2005. Import supplies amounted to USD 459.0 mn and lost 2.4%. Export went up thanks to greater supplies of inorganic chemicals, fruit and vegetable processing products, as well as leather raw stock. The articles, which showed import reduction, were mechanic equipment and raw stock for metallurgy. Foreign trade in commodities had positive balance of USD 601.4 mn as compared to USD 425.7 mn in 2005.
The region-based enterprises maintain business relations with more than 110 countries worldwide. Most of goods were exported to Russia (39.4%), the Netherlands (7.1%), Italy (4.6%), Belarus and India (3.1% each), Saudi Arabia (3.4%), Cyprus (2.9%), Turkey (2.6%), and Spain (2.1%). The articles were mostly imported from Guinea (18.1%), Russia (11.2%), Brazil (5.5%), Australia (9.2%), the Netherlands (6.1%), Germany (4.8 %), China (7.3%), and Italy (4.9%).
The pattern of commodity exports was dominated by inorganic chemicals, which contributed 29.6% to gross export volume, mechanic equipment and devices – 15.8%, grain crops – 14.7%, shipbuilding articles – 11.7%, ferrous metals – 11.0%, leather raw stock – 2.7%, vegetable processing products – 2.3%, as well as textile and its articles – 2.0%.
Commodity imports consisted of ores (35.4%), mechanic and electric equipment – 16.4%, fruit and vegetable processing products – 9.1%, transportation means – 5.2%, ferrous metals products – 4.0%, nickel and its products – 3.2%, as well as polymer materials – 3.0%.
According to data of the regional statistic department, by results of January-December 2006 the volume of the region’s foreign trade with other countries (in goods and services) amounted to USD 3,732,580.2 ths., which is by 5.8% (or by USD 229,705 ths.) less than in the corresponding period of 2005. Meanwhile, total export volume amounted to USD 1,646,865.7 ths., having dropped versus the corresponding period of 2005 by 11.0% (or USD 203,039.3 ths.). Gross imports made USD 2,085,714.5 ths. and reduced by 1.3% (or USD 26,665.6 ths.). Foreign trade balance was negative at USD 438,848.8 ths. and if compared to 2005 worsened by 67.2% (or by USD 176,373.7 ths.).
Export of goods seen in January-December 2006 totaled USD 767,024.4 ths. and lost 24.8% (USD 252,409.6 ths.), whereas export of services on the opposite grew by 5.9% (USD 49,370.2 ths.) and reached USD 879,841.3 ths.
The volume of commodity import shrank by 1.7% (USD 33,074.6 ths.) down to USD 1,955,014.9 ths., and again import of services expanded by 5% (USD 6,408.9 ths.) and showed USD 130,699.6 ths.
Fundamental changes in major indicators of the region’s foreign trade in January-December (in comparison to the last year) were foremost reasoned by temporary shutdown of OJSC LUKOil – Odessa Refinery.
In January-December 2006, foreign trade activities involved 2,759 region-based operators and partners from 173 countries worldwide (in January-December 2005 – correspondingly 2,708 and from 176 countries of the world). These included: commodity operations were held by 1,750 foreign trade operators based in the region (export – 663 subjects, import – 1,536); operations in services – correspondingly 733 subjects (export – 619, import – 342).
The total commodity turnover of Poltava region constituted USD 4,295.9 mn over 11 months of 2006.
The volume of commodity export of the region amounted to USD 1,704.1 mn over January-November 2006 and import – USD 2,591.8 mn. Export volumes expanded by 0.3% compared to January-November 2005. Imports expanded by 53.8%. The negative balance of foreign trade in the region amounted to USD 887.7 mn.
The main export deliveries in the region were destined to Italy (22% of the total export of the region), the Russian Federation (18.1%), Moldova (6.5%), Austria (6.1%), and the Netherlands (5.2%).
The pattern of commodity exports was as follows: deliveries of mineral products – 63.8%, vehicles and road equipment – 17.2%, mechanical equipment, machinery, mechanisms, electric equipment, and their parts – 5.3%, and ready-made foodstuffs – 4.6%.
The largest volumes of imported goods originated from the Russian Federation and Germany.
Deliveries of mineral products made 79.5% of the total import volumes, mechanical equipment, machinery, mechanisms, electric equipment, and their parts – 5.0%, vehicles and road equipment – 4.3%, and non-precious metals and articles – 2.5%.
The export of services from the region expanded over January-September 2006 by 6.1% versus corresponding period of 2005 and amounted to USD 16.2 mn, and import by 44.2% and USD 71.5 mn correspondingly. The balance of foreign trade in services remained negative at USD 55.3 mn.
Mongolia, the Russian Federation, the USA, Germany, and Austria were the region’s leading partners in the export of services in January-September 2006, while Great Britain, Switzerland, Austria, and the USA led the way in the import of services.
Services in processing industry (42.1%), transportation and communications (34.2%), real estate operations, lease operations, and services to legal entities (10.2%), as well as in the sphere of education (8.3%) were the most prominent in export, while real estate operations, lease operations, and services to legal entities (32.3%), services related to state management (25.4%), financial services (13.3%), and transportation and communications (5.6%) occupied the largest share in import of services.
Throughout January-November 2006 the region maintained the dynamics of commodity export-import growth. As of December 1, 2006, gross foreign trade turnover in goods reached USD 666.5 mn and in comparison to the respective period of 2005 added 38%.
The volume of commodity exports made USD 261.3 mn, import of goods was estimated at USD 405.3 mn. If compared to the previous year, export shipments added 26%, imports grew even more – by 48%.
Import growth rates outran export volume rise by 22%. Import to export ratio (for commodity trade) made 0.64 in January-November 2006. The balance of foreign trade in goods was negative at USD 144 mn.
In January-November 2006 increase of commodity imports was determined by the following factors:
Traditional trade partners of the region are Russia (17.2% of total volume of foreign trade in goods), Germany (12.5%), Belarus (8.9%), Lithuania (8.2%), Poland (6.3%), France (5.3%), Hungary (5.2%), Italy (4.1%), etc. By and large, the most active cooperation was traced with the states of Europe – 56% in general foreign trade turnover, and the CIS – 27%.
In the period under review, the region launched commercial partnership with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tanzania, Mozambique, Lebanon, Vietnam, Kenya, Congo, Caute-d’Ivoire, Libyan Arabian Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Senegal, Ecuador, Cuba, and some others.
The pattern of Rivne region exports is dominated by chemicals and related industry articles (fertilizers, organic chemical compounds, as well as inorganic chemical products), timber and its articles, mineral products (salt, sulfur, coating materials, cement), grain crops, machinery, equipment, and mechanisms, glass and its articles, edible fruits and nuts, etc.
Import cornerstone consists of commodity groups like mineral products (energy materials, oil and its refining products), mechanical equipment (boilers, machines, apparatuses, and mechanical devices), chemical products and related industry articles (other products of chemical industry, organic fertilizers, organic chemical compounds), products of vegetable origin (grain crops, seeds of oil crops), non-precious metals and their articles, articles of stone, gypsum, ceramics, and glass, transportation means, road equipment, polymer materials, timber and its articles.
Export supplies tended to drop last year both in the region and in Ukraine as a whole. In the last quarter of 2006 the drastic decrease in the volume of foreign commerce was stopped and the latter amounted to nearly the level of 2005.
The foreign trade turnover of goods and services was USD 949.4 mn in January – December 2006, which was 4.7% less y/y. The export dropped by 7.5% and was USD 563.1 mn and import grew by 7.9% and constituted USD 386.3 mn.
The foreign trade balance in the region was positive and amounted to USD 176.8 mn, whereas the balance in the whole country was negative. Export to import ratio was 1.5.
The region was involved in export and import transactions with 91 countries of the world in January – August 2006, with Russia being the leading foreign commercial partner.
The region’s export supplies to the CIS shrank by 18.8%, at the same time its export to other countries of the world grew almost by 6%.
The role of CIS in the region’s export remained considerable (63%), other countries - 37%, including the EU – 15.7%.
The largest volumes of export were directed to Russia – 45.6% of total export volume, Uzbekistan – 7.2%, Germany – 4.5%, India – 4.0%, Kazakhstan – 3.2%, USA – 3.0%, Turkey – 2.9%, and Turkmenistan – 2.6%.
As for the commodity output, the decrease in export supplies was the result of the temporary ban of dairy and meat produce imports from Ukraine to Russia in January 2006. During the first seven months of 2006, regional companies could not export meat and meat produce, and only in August the import of this commodity group started to pick up. Milk and dairy supplies were cut by 79.8%.
The curtailment of exports of the main commodity segments gave the most concern, namely chemicals – by 6.5% and appliances – by 57.7%. Regarding machine building output, the decline in its export was lowered to 8% from 31.6%.
Nevertheless, the oblast shows positive dynamics in the export of raw leather, which grew 2,968 times and ran up to 1.1% in the region’s total export; textiles, which grew by 29.7%; and wood, which was stabilised and grew by 9,9%.
The import of food produce still plays an important role and makes up 36.4% of the region’s total import volume. The share of various foodstuffs is 12.8%.
The share of the main import commodities is as follows: machine building – 16.7%, chemicals - 9%.
The largest volumes of imports came from Russia – 32.4% of total import volume, Germany – 19.0%, Estonia – 9.5%, Turkey – 5.7%, Belarus – 4.3%, and the USA – 2.6%.
In January – November 2006, 503 companies were involved in export and import transactions.
As for the territorial structure of the region’s foreign commerce, the export supplies tend to be unevenly distributed among the region’s districts and towns. The following towns had the maximum export volumes, as of November 2006: Sumy (77.8% of total export volume), Konotop (5.3%), Shostka (4.1%), and Romny (2.5%).
Foreign trade turnover of goods and services in the region was USD 208.9 mn in 2006 (117.4% y/y), including exports – USD 88.1 mn (109.4% y/y) and imports – USD 120.8 mn (123.9% y/y).
There was an increase in services provided in comparison with 2005. Foreign trade turnover of services grew by 48.5% and equaled USD 8.9 mn, including export of services – by 48% (USD 6.5 mn) and import – by 49% (USD 2.4 mn).
During 2006 the regional companies traded with 91 countries in the world. The main commercial partners included: Germany (22% of total foreign trade turnover), Poland (17%), Russia (9%), Italy (5%), Austria (4%), Hungary (4%), Belarus (3%), Moldova (3%), the Netherlands (3%), China (2%), France (2%), and others.
The region exports spirits and soft drinks, timber, furniture, processed vegetables and fruits, knitted goods, edible fruits and nuts, textile cloths, ferrous metals, seeds and oily parts of plants, paper and cardboard, and food industry waste products. It imports boilers, machines, apparatuses and mechanisms, land vehicles, pharmaceuticals, ferrous metals, essential oils, cosmetics, polymeric materials, plastics, edible fruit and nuts, citrus fruits, paper and cardboard, tanning extracts, and dye stuff.
In 2006, 899 enterprises of Kharkov region exported commodities to 104 countries worldwide while import supplies to the region came from 112 countries and involved 1,459 regional enterprises.
The volume of export supplies reached USD 888.7 mn (+23.2%, as compared to 2005). The regional imports augmented to USD 1,936.5 mn (+23.2%).
Kharkov region contributed 2.3% to the total volume of Ukraine’s commodities export and 4.5% to Ukraine’s commodities import.
In 2006, the region expanded its economic presence at foreign markets. As compared to 2005, commodities exports from Kharkov region to Australia and Oceania grew by 33.8%, while exports to European countries incremented by 14.9%. Along with this, export supplies to Asia and Africa dropped by 1.2% and 31.5% correspondingly.
In 2006, negative balance of the region’s foreign trade equaled USD 1,047.9 mn (as compared to USD 850.0 mn in 2005). Major export supplies were bound for the CIS states. In 2006, the CIS accounted for 75.7% of the total volume of regional exports. The CIS was followed by Europe (13.6% of the total), and Asia (8.6%).
The region’s need in import commodities was primarily satisfied by the CIS (51.4% of the regional imports), Europe (28.8%), and Asia (12.3%).
In 2006, the value of the region’s exports to the CIS reached USD 672.9 mn while regional exports to non-CIS countries totaled USD 215.8 mn. The value of regional imports was equal to USD 996.3 mn and USD 940.3 mn correspondingly.
Russia remains the major trade partner of the region accounting for 49.7% of regional exports and adding 46.8% to its imports. Besides, significant volume of export supplies was bound for Kazakhstan (7.1%), Belarus (6.7%), Georgia (2.9%), Pakistan (2.6), Poland (2.4%), Moldova (2.3%), and Lithuania (2%). Besides Russia, large volumes of import supplies came from Germany (7.7%), China (4.4%), Belarus (4.1%), the USA (3.7%), and Italy (4%).
Commodity pattern of regional exports was dominated by boilers, machines, apparatuses and mechanical devices (20.2% of the total value of regional exports), and electric machines and equipment (13.1%). The region’s imports primarily included ground-surface transport facilities with the exception of railway transport (22.4% of the total value of regional imports), and boilers, machines, apparatuses and mechanical devices (16.1%).
Products manufactured by regional machine-building enterprises enjoy stable demand on foreign market. In 2006, export supplies of electrical machines and equipment increased by 40.6% (as compared to 2005) and reached USD 116.5 mn. Exports of ground-surface transport facilities augmented by 10.6% to USD 68.4 mn.
In 2006, the growth in the region’s exports of industrial products was accompanied by the growth in the volume of exported agricultural products. In particular, export supplies of grain crops incremented 1.6 times and totaled USD 23.5 mn. Tobacco exports reached USD 18.4 mn (+25.5% against the 2005’s figures). Along with this, export supplies of pharmaceutical products went up by 23.6% and equaled USD 13.2 mn.
In 2006, ground-surface transport facilities contributed the most to the structure of regional imports (22.4% of the total). As compared to 2005, import supplies of this commodity grew by 39.2% and reached USD 433.6 mn. Boilers, machines, apparatuses and mechanical devices ranked the second in the structure of regional imports (USD 391.5 mn and +48.3% against the figures registered in January 2005).
The region’s foreign trade turnover in goods and services over 2006 amounted to USD 453.5 mn, having increased by 13.6% versus 2005. Exports of goods and services summed to USD 294.05 mn (100.5% of the previous year indicator), import volumes – to USD 159.44 mn (149.6%). Foreign trade balance of Kherson region in 2006 was positive at USD 134.7 mn as compared to USD 185.9 mn fixed in 2005 (72.5%).
The region has a tendency of outpacing growth of commodity import over export, though nominal terms export volumes are still higher than imports, and foreign trade balance remains positive.
In the period under review, the region-based companies ran foreign trade in goods with partners from 106 countries worldwide. The CIS received 31.2% of commodity exports, while 31.6% of the volume was destined for Europe.
The most substantial export supplies in the period under review were bound to Russia – 18.8% of gross export volume, Turkey – 11.6%, Germany – 7.1%, Japan – 6.7%, Belarus – 4.1%, Qatar – 2.5%, and Hungary – 2.5%.
Within commodity exports, the largest portion belongs to supplies of vegetable products – 27.33% in gross volume of the regional export (including seeds of oil crops – 14.13%, grain crops – 10.6%), mechanical and electrical equipment – 18.9% (including electrical equipment – 12.9%, mechanical equipment – 6.0%), non-precious metals and their articles – 16.32% (including aluminum and its products – 11.82%, ferrous metals products – 4.06%), vehicles and road equipment – 12.78%, ready foodstuffs – 9.85%, animal or vegetable fats and oils – 5.3 %, as well as textile and its articles – 3.86%.
The heaviest import supplies originated from Russia – 16.15% of gross imports, China – 14.40%, Turkey – 11.58%, Germany – 10.66%, Poland – 6.56%, and the USA – 5.5%.
26.73% to gross import volume was contributed by supplies of mechanical and electrical equipment (including mechanical equipment – 18%, electrical equipment – nearly 9%). Surface transportation means accounted for 12.94%, non-precious metals and their articles – for 11.61% (including ferrous metals and products – 8.24%, copper and its articles – 1.1%). Supplies of polymer materials, plastics, and caoutchouk had aggregate share of 8.2%, mineral products – 7.0%, vegetable origin products – 5.5% (including edible fruits and nuts and citruses – 3.69%).
Foreign trade turnover in the 11 months of 2006 made USD 459.3 mn. Export of goods increased by 18.7% and came to USD 198.5 mn, while import volumes added 7.5% and reached USD 260.8 mn. Foreign trade had negative balance of USD 62.3 mn (in January-November 2005 – USD 75.3 mn).
The region-based companies maintained foreign trade with partners from 86 countries of the world.
Commodity exports destined for the CIS expanded by 33.5%, while import was 8.0% down. Exports to other countries of the world grew by 4.2%, imports adding 14.3% at the same time.
CIS-bound exports accounted for 55.5% of all commodity exports, to other countries – 44.5% (in January-November 2005 the corresponding figures were 49.4% and 50.6%). Within total volume, the share of export supplies to the European Union was 35.1%. The largest exports of commodities headed to Russia (36.2%), Germany (14.2%), Moldova (6.1%), Belarus (4.7%), Poland (4.2%), Hungary and the Czech Republic (3.0% to each), Georgia (2.8%), Turkey (2.7%), and Italy (2.6%). The export staples were mechanic and electric equipment – 33.4% of the total volume (electric – 28.2%, mechanic – 5.2%). Supplies of polymer materials, plastics, and caoutchouk accounted for 10.9%, articles of stone, gypsum, and cement – for 9.3%, timber and articles – 8.5%, livestock and animal husbandry products – 6.6%, vegetable origin products – 5.6%, ready foodstuffs – 4.8%, and non-precious metals and articles – 4.4%.
Import from the CIS covered 26.0% of all commodity imports, from other countries of the world – 74.0% (in January-November 2005 the respective indicators were 30.4% and 69.6%), including 55.9% arriving from the European Union. The largest importers of goods to the region were Germany (30.1%), Russia (19.4%), Poland (6.8%), Belarus (5.6%), the USA (4.1%), Turkey (4%), Italy (3.3%), China (2.6%), France (2.5%), and the Netherlands (1.8%). The dominating imported articles were mechanic and electric equipment – 43.3% in total volume (mechanic – 35.0%, electric – 8.3%). Non-precious metals and their articles contributed 11.7% to import supplies, chemical products and related industries’ output – 11.3% (including fertilizers – 9.4%), vehicles and road equipment – 10.0%, as well as textile and its articles – 5.9%.
In January-November 2006, the region-based enterprises held no foreign trade commodity exchange (barter) operations.
The region’s export accounts for 0.6% in Ukraine’s gross foreign trade in commodities and import has 0.7%.
During January – November 2006, the region was involved in export and import transactions with 104 countries of the world, in contrast with 95 countries in 2005.
The volume of foreign commodity trade totalled USD 780.4 mn (135.6% of the 2005 figure), including exports worth USD 431.2 mn (146.7%) and imports worth USD 349.2 mn (124.6%). The balance of foreign trade was positive (USD 82.0 mn).
Export transactions were conducted with 94 countries of the world, including, first and foremost, Russia – 13.0% of total export volume, China (11.4%), India (10.8%), Turkey (6.9%), the USA (4.8%), and Germany (5.7%). Export volumes grew by 0.3% to Russia, by 4.1% to Turkey, by 9% to China, by 12.5% to Germany, and by 34.4% to the USA, in comparison to the 2005 figures. The export volume to India rose 5.2 times.
Regarding the commodity export structure, the leading positions are taken by fertilisers (37.7%), organic chemicals (13.7%), non-organic chemicals (6.5%), textile clothes (4.2%), mechanical equipment (3.9%), wood and wood ware (3.6%), vehicles (3.3 %), and dairy articles (2.7%).
Primary imports included mechanical equipment (16.6%), meat and by-products (13.6%), paper and cardboard (11.8%), tobacco (10.3%), vehicles (10.1%), and fertilisers (53%). In contrast with January – November 2005, the import volumes of mechanical equipment grew by 33.1%, vehicles – 1.9 times, meat and by-products – 4.9 times, paper and cardboard - by 4.7%, and fertilisers – 7.1 times. The import volume of tobacco dropped by 2.1%.
Out of the region’s 252 firms dealing with the commodity export business, the largest volumes of export shipments were made by OJSC Azot, OJSC Cherkassy Autobus, CJSC Korsun–Shevchenko Sewing Factory, CJSC Agroecoproduct, private company Impexargo, and CJSC Gallakher Ukraine. The volume of the commodities shipped by them totalled 71% of the regional exports.
292 firms in the region imported commodities, including leading importers CJSC Gallakher Ukraine, Ukrainian-German CJSC Graphia, OJSC Cherkassy Food Company, Packaging Ukraine, ltd., and OJSC Azot. The volume of their imports totalled 58% of the regional imports.
Regarding the volumes of commodity exports, Cherkassy region ranks 14th among Ukrainian oblasts with 1.2% of the total, and as for the volume of commodity imports, it ranks 16th with 0.9%.
In January-November 2006, foreign trade turnover of commodities produced by regional enterprises and organizations totaled USD 510.3 mn, which exceeded the corresponding 2005’s figures by 12.2%. Along with this, export supplies grew by 26.0% and reached USD 288.9 mn while import supplies curtailed by 1.8% to USD 221.4 mn. In the first 11 months of 2006, the region was notable for positive balance of foreign trade worth USD 67.5 mn.
The region established trade relations with 95 countries though its major partners remain the CIS member-states (Russia, Belarus, Moldova, and Azerbaijan), some European countries (Germany, Poland, Italy, France, Lithuania, and Belgium), Asian countries (Turkey, China, India), and some American countries (Brazil, the USA).
The largest volume of export supplies was bound for the CIS (58.8% of the total including Russia (37.0%) and Belarus (13.9%)). The European countries contributed 25.5% to the volume of regional exports including the EU share of 23.6% (in particular, Poland – 7.9%, Italy – 4.0%, Germany – 2.7%, and Lithuania – 2.3%). Asian and African countries added 10.9% and 3.4% correspondingly. In the first 11 months of 2006, the region boosted export supplies to the CIS (+25.7% against the corresponding figures registered in 2005), Europe (+28.9%), Asia (+38.1%), and Africa (+40.2%).
Commodity pattern of regional exports was dominated by paper and cardboard (22.1% of the total), textile materials (11.3%), synthetic and artificial thread (8.1%), power-generating materials, oil and products of oil refining (6.9%), wood and wood products (5.7%), textile clothes (4.7%), and wool (4.2%).
The geographical distribution of regional imports includes Europe (59.2% of the total and including the EU share of 58.7%), CIS (24.5%), Asia (7.6%), America (6.5%), and Africa (2.1%). The largest volume of imported commodities came from Germany (22.0% of the total), Russia (20.1%), France (5.5%), Brazil (5.2%), Italy (5.2%), and Poland (4.0%). As compared to January-November 2005, in 2006 import supplies from the CIS countries dropped by 7.6%. The same tendency characterized regional imports from Asia (-4.1%), Africa (-13.9%), and America (-29.4%).
Commodity pattern of regional imports was dominated by paper and cardboard (15.5% of the total), organic chemical compounds (10.0%), boilers, machines, apparatus and mechanical devices (8.4%), polymeric materials and plastic (7.9%), wool (4.0%), and chemical staple fiber (3.5%).
In 2006, the region’s foreign trade turnover of commodities and services totaled USD 291,450.12 ths., which exceeded the 2005’s figures by 8.5%. Export supplies of commodities and services reported by regional enterprises and entrepreneurs reached USD 113,935.2 ths. while import supplies totaled USD 177,514.92 ths. As compared to 2005, regional exports grew by 9.7% while regional imports incremented by 7.7%. The negative balance of the region’s foreign trade amounted to USD 63,579.72 ths. For the most part, it was stipulated by considerable increase in import supplies of fruit, nuts and citruses (2.4 times), boilers, machines, apparatuses and mechanical devices (2.3 times), articles made of ferrous metals (1.9 times), ground-surface transport facilities (1.8 times), and ferrous metals (1.6 times).
In 2006, the region’s foreign trade turnover of commodities totaled USD 283,465.06 ths., including export supplies worth USD 112,064.26 ths. and import supplies worth USD 171,400.8 ths. Foreign trade turnover of commodities grew by 6.2%, and this tendency embraced regional exports (+9.4%) as well as regional imports (+4.3%).
Commodity structure of regional exports was dominated by such commodity groups as textile and textile goods (worth USD 31,571.37 ths., which added 28.2% to the total exports), wood and articles made of wood (USD 22,611.77 ths. making up 20.2%), non-precious metals and articles made of non-precious metals (USD 16,080.57 ths. making up 14.,4%), machines, equipment and mechanisms (USD 14,810.82 ths. making up 13.2%), products of the vegetable origin (USD 8,508.80 ths. making up 7.6%), and furniture (USD 5,046.91 ths. making up 4.5%).
Commodity structure of regional imports embraced textile and textile goods (USD 47,399.27 ths., which added 27.6% to the total imports), machines, equipment and mechanisms (USD 36,288.96 ths. or 21.2%), non-precious metals and articles made of non-precious metals (USD 33,445.23 ths. or 19.5%), polymeric materials, plastic and rubber (USD 12,265.33 ths. or 7.2%), chemical products and products manufactured by related economic sectors (USD 9,493.83 ths. or 5.5%), and ground-surface transport facilities with the exception of railway transport (USD 7,939.00 ths. or 4.6%).
Regional enterprises and entrepreneurs accomplished export-and-import transactions with the companies from 90 countries worldwide. 298 enterprises and entrepreneurs were engaged in export supplies of commodities while regional imports were maintained by 339 business entities. Augmentation of the region’s export supplies affected such countries as Belarus, Bulgaria, Italy, Lithuania, Moldova, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Romania, Tajikistan, Hungary, France, the Czech Republic, China, Turkey, and the USA.
The volume of foreign trade with goods by enterprises and companies in Kiev constituted USD 18,532.41 mn from January to November 2006. Export volumes increased by 4.85% (USD 4,142.43 mn) and import expanded by 19.8% (USD 14,389.98 mn) compared with the corresponding period of 2005.
Business entities in the city maintained foreign economic relations with 184 countries of the world.
The largest export deliveries to Europe and the CIS states were destined for the Netherlands (4.89% of the total export, USD 202.38 mn), Italy (4.56% or USD 189.08 mn), Germany (4.04% or USD 167.19 mn), Spain (3.66% or USD 151.49 mn), Great Britain (3.40% or USD 140.95 mn), Belarus (3.19% or USD 132.32 mn), and Kazakhstan (2.46% or USD 101.85 mn). The most significant export shipments to Asian region were destined for Saudi Arabia (6.71% of the total export or USD 278.02 mn), China (4.67% or USD 193.52 mn), and Turkey (3.83% or USD 158.55 mn.
The following commodity groups have the largest share in exports: phytogenic output (27.55% or USD 1,141.09 mn); fats and oils of vegetative and animal origin (14.25% or USD 590.30 mn); base metals and articles (9.56% or USD 396.20 mn); ready-made food (8.50% or USD 351.92 mn); output of chemical and related industries (5.54% or USD 229.54 mn); as well as mechanic equipment, machines and mechanisms, electric equipment and components, devices for recording or playing of picture and sound (4.93% or USD 204.12 mn).
It should be noted that the export of fats and oils of vegetative and animal origin over January-November 2006 increased 2.2 times compared with the corresponding period of the previous year.
The major portion of imported goods from Europe and the CIS were supplied by Turkmenistan (15.25% of the total import or USD 2,194.96 mn), Germany (10.49% or USD 1,509.61 mn), Republic of Belarus (3.69% or USD 531.21 mn), Italy (3.68% or USD 530.15 mn), Poland (3.05% or USD 438.63 mn), France (3.00% or USD 432.72 mn), and Kazakhstan (2.86% or USD 412.23 mn). The largest import shipments from Asia originated from China (4.17% or USD 599.99 mn), Japan (3.32% or USD 477.14 mn), and Turkey (1.42% or USD 203.71 mn). The main supplier from the American continent was the USA (2.25% or USD 323.16 mn).
The following commodity groups were the main import staples: mineral products (29.59% of the total import or USD 4,257.63 mn); machines, equipment, and mechanism; electric technical equipment, sound and picture recording equipment, and TV appliances (18.73% or USD 2,694.85 mn); transportation vehicles and road equipment (13.99% or USD 2,013.60 mn); output of chemical and related industries (12.30% or USD 1,769.44 mn); base metals and articles from them (4.24% or USD 610.74 mn); ready-made food (3.80% or USD 547.45 mn); and polymeric materials, plastics, and caoutchouc (3.70% or USD 532.94 mn).