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Square: 21.8 ths. sq. km
Center of the region: city of Lvov.
Administrative and territorial division: 20 districts.
Population: 2 540.9 ths. people. The region is among the most populated in the state.
The region is located in the west of Ukraine. Its northern part is situated in the borders of Volyn eminence, Maloye Polesye (small marshy woodlands), and Podolskaya eminence. It is separated from Predkarpatye by Dnestr river valley. Ukrainian Carpathian mountain ridges are situated in the south-east of the region. Northern part of the region is situated in forest and steppe zone. Dnestr with tributaries, Western Bugh with tributaries, Vishnya, and Shklo are the main rivers of the region. City of Lvov is located at the river Poltva.
Lvov, Krasnoye, and Stryi are the largest railway junctions. Airport is situated in the city of Lvov. The region boasts with one of the most developed transportation network in the state. Important railway, automobile, pipeline, and electric mainlines connecting Lvov region with Central European states cross the territory of the region. The most important trunk railways are Kiev-Lvov-Prague (Budapest) and Warsaw-Peremysl-Lvov-Bucharest. Lvov and Stryi are the most important railway junctions. The following roads are the most important highways: Lvov-Rivne-Kiev, Lvov-Ternopol-Vinnitsa-Kiev, Lvov-Ivano-Frankovsk-Chernovtsy, and Lvov-Uzhgorod.
Oil and gas mainlines cross the territory of the region. It transports Russian gas to European consumers. Approximately 17-19 mn tons of crude oil is transported from Russia and Kazakhstan to the states of Central and Eastern Europe annually.
Over a few last years positive changes took place in the region. Tendencies of economic growth were secured and competitiveness of economy is improved.
More than half of regional industrial output is secured by food industry, processing of agricultural produce, machine building, as well as generation and distribution (transportation) of energy resources.
The share of foodstuffs makes 65% in the pattern of consumer goods production. The following towns are main economic centers of the region: Lvov, Drogobych, Stryi, Borislav, Novyi Razdol, Chervonograd, and Sokal. Complicated sectoral and territorial structure is characteristic for the economy of the region.
Agriculture of the region specializes in growing of grain crops, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, and flax. Meat and dairy cattle breeding, breeding of pigs, and poultry raising are also well developed.
The region is well-known as one of the best places for recreation and tourism in Ukraine. There are 400 territories and objects of natural reserve fund including natural reserve Rastochye, 33 special nature reserves, botanical garden of Lvov university, 240 natural monuments, 55 parks – monuments of landscape architecture, and 61 natural landmarks. The following sanatorium and curative establishments were created on the basis of rich natural and recreational resources: Velykyi Lyubin, Morshin, Nemirov, Razdol, Skhidnitsa, Truskavets, and Shklo. South of the region, and territory of Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains and Prikarpatye represent a tourist zone.
Landscape of the region is variable, that is stipulated by its location at the junction of different physical and geographical zones. Water resources: dense river network (Dnestr and Western Bugh being the largest ones). Prevailing dark ashen-grey and grassland soils.
Natural resources: deposits of oil and gas, coal, large deposits of clays, sand, gypsum, limestone, sandstone, and sandy gravel. There are four springs of Naftusya type curative mineral waters.
Lvov region possesses great investment potential in the sphere of tourism, sanatorium, and resort business.
Lvov region is one of the most famous and popular tourist regions of Central Europe.
The region boasts with variety of natural conditions and abundance of recreational resources. Unique combination of historical and cultural heritage along with natural and recreational resources attracts tourists. In particular, castle fortifications of Lvov region (Olesskiy, Zolochevskiy, Pidgoretskiy, and Svirzskiy castles) united into the most popular tourist route “Golden shoe of Lvov region” is in great request with tourists.
Town of Lvov is called a European pearl and open-air museum. Central part of the town is declared a historical and archeological reserve zone. It was included into UNESCO List of world cultural heritage on December 4, 1998.
Lvov state historical and archeological reserve, State reserve museum “Olesskiy castle”, State historical and cultural reserve Tustan (ruins of rock fortress of ІХ–ХІV centuries), State historical and cultural reserve Naguevichi, branch of Lvov historical reserve in Zholkva, monastery complex in Khrehov, ancient Rus settlements of Х–ХІІІ centuries in Zvenigorod and Stilske, as well as the oldest architectural monuments of the town of Lvov ( Vysokiy zamok/Tall castle, Nikolayevskaya/St. Nicholas church, Armenian cathedral, and Gothic and Baroque monuments like Discalced Carmelites catholic church of 1644) are the most important tourist objects. There are 5 theatres and 14 state museums in the region, majority of which are located in the town of Lvov.
The following materials were used for preparation of the article:
Lvov regional state administration,
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine,
Ministry of foreign affairs of Ukraine