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Square: 23.8 ths. sq. km.
Center of the region: town of Sumy.
Administrative and territorial division: 18 districts.
Population – 1 152.3 ths. people.
Sumy region is situated in the north-east of Ukraine. The region borders on Bryansk, Kursk, and Belgorod regions of Russian Federation in the north and in the east. State border with Russia stretches for 498 km. Sumy region borders on Kharkov, Poltava, and Chernigov regions of Ukraine in the south, south-east, and west. Rivers of the region belong to the Dnieper river basin. Desna, Seim, Sula, Psel, and Vorskla are the largest rivers of the region. There are a lot of saucer lakes and swamps as well as numerous artificial ponds in valleys of rivers.
The region possesses ramified transportation system. International motor road Kiev-Moscow crosses the region. Kiev-Moscow, Kiev-Kharkov, and Dnepropetrovsk-Saint Petersburg are main railway trunks. Konotop, Vorozhba, and Smorodino are large railway junctions. Town of Sumy possesses a regional airport.
Main gas pipelines Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod, Elets-Kursk-Sumy-Dikan’ka, Kursk-Sumy-Kiev, Sumy-Konotop, Belsk-Sumy, Kiev-Bryansk, as well as oil pipelines Michurinsk-Kremenchug (main) and Malaya Pavlovka-Akhtyrka (of republican importance) cross the territory of the region.
Sumy region possesses rather developed industrial potential. It is in the top ten regions of Ukraine by level of development pressure of the territory.
Industry is a leading sector of regional economy. The following industries are main directions of activities of regional industrial enterprises: chemical machine building, pump and power engineering machine building, agricultural machine building, instrument making and radio electronics, production of technological equipment for processing industries of agroindustrial complex, mining industry, printing industry and medicine, for oil and gas mining and processing industries, production of chemicals, cinema and photo materials, and mineral fertilizers.
The share of foodstuffs in pattern of consumer goods production in the region makes 76%.
Innovation activities have been activated in the region.
Growing of bread grain, sugar beet, winter and spring rape, oil radish, sunflower, flax, hemp, cereals, and potatoes remains among priorities for Sumy region plant cultivation.
Cattle breeding of the region specializes in raising of cattle (milk and meat), pigs, and poultry. Sumy regional pedigree farm is able to supply reproduction of lebedinskaya, shvitskaya, simmentalskaya, limuzinskaya, and gerefordskaya breeds of cattle.
Geography of foreign trade is very broad (90 states).
Approximately 17% of regional territory is occupied by forests and bushes. Mixed forests (pine tree, oak, and birch) prevail in northern districts, forest outliers (lime tree, maple, ash tree) are frequent in central districts, while oak woods can be found as well. All steppe open spaces were ploughed up (except for part of steppe Mikhailovskaya virgin land included into Ukrainian steppe reserve). Basy is a climatic resort of forest and steppe zone located in 7 km from town of Sumy in large massive of coniferous and deciduous forests along Psel river.
There are 294 deposits of 21 kinds of mineral resources in the region. Among them power generating raw stock is the most important: oil, natural gas, condensed fluid, and peat. Their share exceeds half of all resources in the region. The region is also rather rich in non-metallic mineral resources, such as phosphorites, rock salt, potassium salt, sulfur, quartzite, chalk, gypsum, limestone, marl, glass sands, fire and refractory clays, mineral paints (mainly ochre), mortar sands, and stone.
Climate is moderate continental with cool winter and chilly summer. Average temperature in January reaches -7.5 ?С and in July +19 ?С. Precipitation occurs mainly in summer as rains.
The following are the most interesting tourist objects: Voskresenskaya/Resurrection church of 1702, Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy/Transfiguration-Saviour cathedral of 1776, Ilyinskaya/St. Elias church of 1836, Petropavlovskaya/St. Peter and Paul church of 1851, Panteleymonovskiy monastery of ХІХ century, house-museum of Chekhov of ХІХ–ХХ centuries, Music and drama theater after Schepkin, State historical and cultural reserve in Glukhov, Triumphal Arch (fortress gates) of 1744, Nikolayevskaya/St. Nicholas church of 1693, Anastasievskiy cathedral of 1885–1886, factory of art weaving of ХІХ century, Vvedenskaya/Presentation church of 1774–1784, ancient settlement Gorodok (ruins of annalistic town of Putivl) of ХІ–ХІІІ centuries, Rozhdestva Bogoroditsy/Christmas of the Blessed Virgin cathedral of 1591, Movchanskiy monastery of ХVІ–ХVІІІ centuries, memorial complex Spadschanskiy forest, Zolotye vorota/Golden gates, and park of ХІХ century in the village of Volokitino, Svyatodukhovskiy/the Holy Spirit cathedral of 1738–1744, burial mounds, park Neskuchnoye of the early ХІХ century, grotto of nymphs of 1809, room museum of Ukrainian poet Grabovskiy, room museum of writer Ostap Vyshnya, and Trostyanets palace of ХІХ century.
Inhabitants of Sumy town are proud of their art museum, one of the oldest and most interesting in Ukraine. Paintings, drawings, and sculptures are arranged in house of former Treasury, architectural monument of XIX century.
Works of Italian, Flemish, Holland, and French masters of XVI – beginning of XX centuries are gathered in collections of Western European art. Collection of Ukrainian pre-revolutionary art contains several icons of XVIII century and etchings of Taras Shevchenko, etc.
The following materials were used for preparation of the article:
Sumy regional state administration,
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine,
Ministry of foreign affairs of Ukraine