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Square: 28.8 ths. sq. km.
Center of the region: town of Poltava.
Administrative and territorial division: 25 districts.
Population: 1 477.2 ths. people.
The region is situated in the central part of Left bank Ukraine. Rivers of the region belong to the Dnieper basin (Sula, Psel, and Vorskla are its left affluents). A part of Kremenchug water storage is located in Poltava region. The region borders on Chernigov, Sumy, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Kirovograd, Cherkassy, and Kiev regions.
Poltava, Kremenchug, Grebenka, and Romodan are the main railway junctions. Road transport is well developed. Dnieper river is of great transportation importance. Sula river is navigable. Airlines connect the center of the region with other large cities of Ukraine.
Poltava region is industrial and agrarian by pattern of economy. The share of industry makes approximately 60% in total gross output of industry and agriculture. Poltava region distinguishes with iron ore, fuel, machine building, and light industries among other regions of Ukraine. Its agricultural complex specializes in well-developed food industry, sugar beet and sugar production, grain crops’ planting, and meat and milk cattle breeding.
Machine building, metal work, fuel, food, and light industries are the leading sectors in the region. Car making and electric industries are of great importance. Oil, gas condensate, and natural gas are main fuel and power generating resources of the region. Glinsko-Rozbyshevskoye oil and gas deposit (Lokhvitskiy and Gadyach districts) is the largest oil and gas deposit of the region. It produces almost half of regional gas and oil. Poltava region oil is of high quality. It includes up to 55% of light oils and small amount of sulphur. There are about 70% of inflammable propane and butane ends in associated gases. Therefore these gases are valuable raw stock for chemical industry (production of synthetic fiber and plastics).
Food industry of the region is represented by meat, dairy, sugar, baking, confectionery, fruit and vegetable canned food, alcohol, alcoholic beverage, beer, oil and fat, and soft drink sectors. Food industry occupies more than 18% in the total volume of industrial output made at Poltava region enterprises. Companies of meat, sugar, dairy, bread backing, and confectionery sectors produce more than 80% of the regional food industry output.
Agriculture makes the basis of agricultural and industrial complex of the region. It is characterized by well-developed production of grain crops, milk, and industrial crops. Almost 2 mn ha of land including 1.5 mn ha of plough land is utilized in agriculture. Black earths occupying 90% of all area are the most widespread soils. Agricultural companies grow more than 20 types of crops and breed 8 kinds of animals. Cattle breeding is a traditional industry in Poltava region. The region possesses one of the largest breeding herds in Ukraine.
Picturesque nature, as well as places of interest connected with world history and local studies are prerequisites for development of tourist industry and resort and recreational business in Poltava region.
Gadyach is a climatic resort of forest zone situated on the shore of Psel river. Leshchinovka is a forest climatic resort on the shore of Vorskla river. Mirgorod is a plain balneological and mud resort of forest and steppe zone.
Climate in the region is moderate continental. Average temperature in January reaches -6.5 ?С, and in July +21 ?С. Precipitation occurs mainly in summer as rain.
Favorable climatic conditions, dense network of rivers, numerous water basins combined with picturesque landscapes, availability of mineral waters, and relatively low urban saturation form significant recreational potential of the region.
Architectural heritage of Poltava region is represented by monuments in different styles with several unique monuments. Mainly these are spiritual and public constructions built mostly at the turn of XVІІІ–XІX centuries.
The following are the most interesting tourist objects: Krestovozdvizhenskiy/Exaltation of the Cross cathedral (1699–1709), ensemble of Kruglaya/Round square and Monument of Glory (1805–1811), monument to Peter the Great (1849), Triumphal Arch (1820), Vsekhsvyatskaya/All Saints church (1815–1821), Mgarskiy monastery (ХVІІ–ХІХ centuries), ceramic vocational school (1846), House of hydropathical establishment (1914–1917), Velikosorochinskiy historical and local lore museum, Literary and memorial museum of Gogol, farmstead and park of Berezovaya Rudka village (ХVІІІ–ХІХ centuries), State reserve museum of Ukrainian pottery, factory of art ceramics, State reserve museum of Gogol, State reserve museum of educational specialist Makarenko, memorial complex of Skovoroda (philosopher and poet) farmstead and his monument, local lore museum of 1903-1908 (former country council house), and Memorial to commemorate 800-years anniversary of Poltava town founding (1974).
Folklore crafts are well developed: embroidery, carpet weaving, ceramics, etc. Works of Poltava masters are well known all over the world.
The following materials were used for preparation of the article:
Poltava regional state administration,
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine,
Ministry of foreign affairs of Ukraine